For the first time since the 1920s, it refused to rubber stamp proposals from the party and Council of Ministers. 176 Soviet maintenance projects proved unable to take care of even the few roads the country had. "Doping violations at the Olympics". Boulder, Colorado: Westview press 2000,. 163 In the 1970s and 1980s, the Soviet Union heavily relied on fossil fuel exports to earn hard currency. Retrieved Wharton, Melinda; Vitek, Charles (1998). An agreement was made between the Soviet Union and the United States to remove enemy nuclear missiles from both Cuba and Turkey, concluding the crisis. Stalin: A Time for Judgement (1990) McNeal, Robert. The End of the Cold War. Partly due to Soviet policies, some of the smaller minority ethnic groups were considered part of larger ones, such as the Mingrelians of Georgia, who were classified with the linguistically related Georgians. 217 In Soviet law, the "freedom to hold religious services" was constitutionally guaranteed, although the ruling Communist Party regarded religion as incompatible with the Marxist spirit of scientific materialism. Mueller, "Rapallo Reexamined: a new look at Germany's secret military collaboration with Russia in 1922." Military Affairs: The Journal of Military History (1976 109117. Soviet Politics in Perspective. Snyder claims that archival evidence suggests a maximum excess mortality of nine million during the entire Stalin era. Following Lenin's death in 1924 and a brief power struggle, Joseph Stalin came to power in the mid-1920s. "The bitter legacy of Boris Yeltsin (19312007. The Naval Institute Guide to the Soviet.